July 6, 2011
July 6, 2011
RIO NEGRO, Colombia – Sikorsky Aerospace Services (SAS) announced today that construction of a new UH-60 BLACK HAWK Helicopter Flight Simulator Training Center at the Colombian Air Force Base in Melgar is well under way and on schedule for completion this year. A premier training center for rotary wing aircraft, the facility will further improve the operational readiness of the Colombian Armed Services whose BLACK HAWK fleet ranks among the world’s largest. Sikorsky Aerospace Services is the aftermarket business of Sikorsky Aircraft Corp., a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. (NYSE: UTX).
Based on the agreement reached last year with the Colombian Ministry of Defense, the facility will offer a full motion, high fidelity BLACK HAWK helicopter simulator to support pilot and flight crew training for the Colombian Armed Services and Sikorsky military customers throughout Latin America. The simulator is FAA Level D rated – the highest qualification currently available. Equipped with industry leading electric motion and control loading technology, it will offer a highly detailed cockpit replication of all controls and aircraft systems including wide-field outside-world visual systems. All components are mounted on six degree-of-freedom motion platforms that respond to pilot control movements and external aerodynamic factors.
“Colombia is a very important BLACK HAWK customer, and we are dedicated to furthering in-country aftermarket services. Earlier this year, we expanded our service platform to include a maintenance support team. And currently, we are advancing depot capabilities for crash and battle damaged aircraft. This training facility represents another major milestone toward our overall commitment to Sikorsky customers in Latin America,” said David Adler, SAS President.
The BLACK HAWK simulator will be housed in a special purpose facility currently under construction. Overseeing the project is Corporacion de la Industria Aeronautica de Colombia (CIAC), the acquisition arm of the Colombian Ministry of Defense. Scheduled to be fully operational by the last quarter of this year, the training center will be staffed with two experienced BLACK HAWK pilots serving as simulator operators and three maintenance personnel to maintain the simulator in optimum operational state.
Donaldson Receives Transport Canada Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) for Engine Inlet Filter System for AgustaWestland AW139 Helicopters
July 6, 2011
St. Louis, Mo., July 5, 2011 – Donaldson Aerospace & Defense, a division of Donaldson Company, Inc. (NYSE: DCI), has received a Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) from Transport Canada (TC) for an Inlet Barrier Filter (IBF) system for the AgustaWestland AW139 helicopter. The IBF prevents engine damage in adverse and ramp environments alike, and is also compatible with the AW139 Full Ice Protection System (FIPS).
With this IBF solution, Canadian AW139 operators will experience reduced operating costs by eliminating engine damage and, at the same time, maintain operating performance equivalent to basic inlet charts.
The new AW139 IBF system features low profile conformal fore and aft fairings with dual filter assemblies mounted on the existing engine doors, creating a sealed intake plenum. As with all certified Donaldson IBFs, the AW139 system includes an alternate inlet air bypass system. This emergency bypass capability is an important IBF feature and is not included in most traditional sand filters and particle separators. A simple compact cockpit switch allows indication and activation of the bypass system. An integral Filter Maintenance Aid also allows for on-condition inspections, pre- and post-flight, to assist in mission planning and visual inspection of filter condition.
Providing the most comprehensive line of IBF solutions, Donaldson Aerospace & Defense is the industry leader in the design, development and manufacture of high-performance engine IBF systems for commercial and military propulsion systems. Through its St. Louis, Missouri location, Donaldson provides certified IBF solutions for the AgustaWestland AW119 Koala, AW119Ke and AW139, Bell 205A1, 206B, 407, 206L-3/4, 206L-1(C30), 429 and 430; Eurocopter EC130, AS350 B/BA/B1/B2/B3, AS350s with Soloy or Heli-Lynx Honeywell engine conversions and MD Helicopters MD 369H Series, MD 500D/E/F and MD 900/902. Donaldson is developing the world’s only IBF for the AgustaWestland AW109E/S/SP series helicopters.
June 21, 2011
June 21, 2011
PARIS – Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. today announced the contract to sell one S-70i BLACK HAWK helicopter to the state of Jalisco in Mexico. With the sale, Jalisco will become the first state in Mexico to acquire its own BLACK HAWK helicopter. Sikorsky is a subsidiary of United Technologies Corp. (NYSE:UTX).
Jalisco is one of 31 states in Mexico, and borders the state of Michoacan, a high-risk area in President Calderon’s war on drugs and organized crime. With the Pan American Games to be hosted in Jalisco’s capital of Guadalajara later this year, the BLACK HAWK helicopter acquisition is part of a state initiative to increase safety and security in advance of this world event.
Jalisco’s interest in the BLACK HAWK helicopter was spurred by the effective deployment of BLACK HAWK aircraft by the Mexico Federal Police over the last few years. The Mexico Federal Police have been flying BLACK HAWK helicopters since 2008, using them as a tool for drug interdiction and to help fight organized crime and corruption.
“An aircraft of this quality and value is a big investment for a state,” said Luis Carlos Najera Guittierrez de Velasco, Secretario de Seguridad Publica of Jalisco. “The functionality and performance of this S-70i helicopter means that Jalisco now has a new and valuable tool to support our policing in the region.”
The BLACK HAWK helicopter has garnered a solid reputation in Mexico as being a battle-proven, reliable aircraft for a variety of dangerous and important missions. Just three years ago, there were only six BLACK HAWK helicopters in all of Mexico. By the end of 2011, that number is expected to increase to 23, including those to be acquired by Jalisco, the Federal Police, the Air Force, and the Mexican Navy, who will receive three BLACK HAWK helicopters from the U.S. Department of State as part of the Merida Initiative later this year.
“The faith that the country of Mexico has in this product is driven by the success of the BLACK HAWK helicopters used by the Mexico Federal Police and the Mexican Air Force. Ballistic tolerant, rugged, and easy to maintain – these are the qualities of the BLACK HAWK helicopter that our Mexican customers have asked for and received in the aircraft they are flying and continue to order,” said Adam Schierholz, Regional Sales Director, Sikorsky Mexico.
The S-70i helicopter is the newest BLACK HAWK variant, being produced for the international market. The aircraft was built at Sikorsky’s PZL Mielec facility in Poland, the final assembly center and production test flight hub of the S-70i helicopter program.
The S-70i BLACK HAWK helicopter incorporates the latest technology with advanced features such as a fully integrated digital cockpit with a dual digital automatic flight control system and coupled flight director. It also features an active vibration control system that will smooth the overall ride of the aircraft. The dual GPS/INS system with digital map provides accurate and redundant navigation for the most demanding of tactical environments. Customers around the world will benefit from the aircraft’s modern, robust aircraft configuration and ability to leverage existing interoperability with Sikorsky’s worldwide fleet of BLACK HAWK helicopters.
June 21, 2011
The airline has ordered a total of 30 firm ATRs since the last year
European turboprop manufacturer ATR and Brazil’s Azul Linhas Aéreas today signed a contract for the purchase of 10 additional ATR 72-600 aircraft, valued at some 227 US$ million. The deal is the conversion into firm orders of 10 of the 20 options inked in the contract that both companies announced at Farnborough Airshow last year. This conversion brings to 30 the total fleet of ATR 72-600s to be operated by the carrier. Deliveries of the first ATR -600 series aircraft of Azul Linhas Aéreas are scheduled in October 2011.
These additional aircraft will also be equipped with the newest technological developments that make the ATR -600s the reference in regional aviation: new avionics suite with latest generation glass cockpit, redesigned and stylish cabin interiors and enhanced engine performance and payload. With their 10 additional ATR 72-600, Azul Linhas Aéreas will further develop its vast regional network.
There are currently some 50 ATRs in operation in Brazil, and some 120 in the whole Latin America. This continent represents around 20% of the current ATR’s backlog.
David Neeleman, Founder and Chairman of the Board of Azul Linhas Aéreas, declared: “We are pleased to announce the purchase of 10 new aircraft. This reinforces our confidence in the product and our partnership with ATR”.
Filippo Bagnato, Chief Executive Officer of ATR, said: “The success of Azul Linhas Aereas is also contributing to consolidate our strong presence in Brazil and in the whole region. ATRs are becoming real popular aircraft in Brazil, one of the most dynamic markets around the world. We are convinced there is a potential to double, in the short term, the total ATR aircraft fleet operating in the country.”
June 6, 2011
Global Vision flight deck is industry’s first to feature synthetic vision on HUD
MONTREAL, QUEBEC–(Marketwire – June 3, 2011) -
Editor’s note: A photo is associated with this press release.
Bombardier Aerospace announced that today, its Global Vision flight deck was granted certification from Transport Canada (TC).
“This is an important milestone, as aircraft equipped with the Global Vision flight deck can now be granted a certificate of airworthiness,” said Stephane Leblanc, Vice President and General Manager, Global Aircraft, Bombardier Business Aircraft. “To date, we have completed over 600 hours of flight testing and are progressing full throttle towards certification of specific advanced features, such as the incorporation of enhanced vision and synthetic vision on the head-up display.”
Bombardier Aerospace and Rockwell Collins will be the first to certify synthetic vision on a head-up display (HUD) as part of the Pro Line Fusion avionics system on the Global Vision flight deck. In April 2011, Rockwell Collins announced it obtained all Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Technical Standard Orders for its Pro Line Fusion avionics suite, the first application of which will be featured in the Global Vision flight deck.
Certification from the FAA and European Aviation Safety Agency are expected to follow later this year. Entry-into-service is on schedule for early 2012.
The Global Vision flight deck will be featured on Global 5000 and Global 6000 jets.
Global Vision flight deck: A breakthrough in business aviation, the Global Vision flight deck is designed to deliver a completely new cockpit experience. By combining the best in technological advancements with superior designer aesthetics, it provides pilots flying Bombardier Global aircraft an unprecedented level of control and comfort. The Global Vision flight deck introduces the Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics suite, providing an integrated flight deck to ensure interoperability between systems.
The Pro Line Fusion features four high-resolution 15-inch diagonal active matrix liquid crystal displays (LCD) arranged in a T-shape working in concert with the Head-up Guidance System (HGS), personalized formats of display information, an electronic checklist, maps with graphical flight planning, an integrated cursor control panel, a Synthetic-Enhanced Vision System, paperless operation enabled by Dual Electronics Charts, a Future Air Navigation System (FANS), Controller-Pilot Datalink Communication (CPDLC), a Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS), Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance (LPV) and a MultiScan Weather Detection system.
May 31, 2011
With this certification, ATR can commence delivery of the regional aircraft equipped with the most advanced technologies on the market
The turboprop aircraft manufacturer ATR is pleased to announce that the ATR 72-600, the new member of its aircraft family, has obtained certification by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). A prerequisite for the aircraft’s entry into service, this certification covers the new equipment on the aircraft, and is the successful conclusion to a series of ground and flight tests conducted on the ATR 72-600 prototype. Flight testing on the aircraft began in the summer of 2009.
This series of tests validated the proper functioning of the new systems and equipment installed on the aircraft, such as its new avionics: a new glass cockpit with 5 LCD screens, new communication, navigation, monitoring, flight management (FMS), Automatic Pilot and alert management systems, and a new MPC computer system (including aircraft maintenance and protection functions).
Filippo Bagnato, CEO of ATR, said he is “…very proud to see that the ATR 72-600 is now on the brink of entering into service and allowing airlines to discover its many advantages. Development of the new 600-series ATRs is based on our commitment to continue developing our line of aircraft in order to better meet the needs of regional airlines, in terms of operating costs as well as airworthiness and passenger comfort. The ATR ‘-600’, now the most advanced regional aircraft on the market, features new avionics, developed in partnership with Thales, which make flight management even simpler thanks to its state-of-the-art technology. It also features a new cabin, designed by Giugiaro, with new, even more comfortable seats which are also lighter-weight, and completely redesigned baggage stows offering more storage space for passengers. The new ATR ‘-600’s’ entry into service will soon open up new commercial prospects for us.”
The test campaign was mainly conducted in Toulouse, although the aircraft also traveled to Tarbes and Agen (France), Lugano (Switzerland) and Charles De Gaulle Airport in Paris. While in Tarbes and Agen, ATR was able to test proper functioning of the automatic pilot system, notably in high wind conditions. In Lugano, ATR tested the ATR 72-600 on steep landing strips (slope: 6.65°). At Charles de Gaulle Airport, ATR checked the navigation management systems (radio, SMS, GPS, RNP) in traffic conditions characteristic of a busy major airport.
Since launching the new ATR 42-600 and ATR 72-600 program in October 2007, ATR has received orders for a total of 141 aircraft in this new series.
Delivery of the first ATR 72-600s will begin this summer. Royal Air Maroc, who ordered a total of 4 ATR 72-600s and 2 ATR 42-600s, will be the first operator to take delivery of an ATR 72-600.
Testing on the ATR 42-600 is currently underway, and this aircraft will benefit from its close similarity to the ATR 72-600 (fuselage, engines, avionics). Its certification is expected at the end of the year.
May 18, 2011
continues to forge ahead. Development and production teams in Wichita, Kansas; Montréal,
Québec; Belfast, Northern Ireland; and Querétaro, Mexico, are actively engaged as work has
transitioned from the detail design phase to the build, test and validate phase. The Learjet 85
aircraft program is moving towards its scheduled entry-into-service in 2013.
“The Learjet 85 aircraft program has entered a new phase and is progressing towards entryinto-
service with great strength,” said Ralph Acs, Vice President, Learjet 85,
Bombardier Business Aircraft. “The synergies achieved by working with people from across our
Bombardier Aerospace sites have proven extremely successful in the advancement of the
In April 2011, the Integrated Product Development Team (IPDT) completed the aircraft level
critical design review, a major product development milestone. The supply base is fully engaged
in the preparation and commissioning of systems test rigs, enabling the various suppliers to
exercise their respective systems, identify and implement corrective action prior to supplying
parts to the final assembly line in Wichita. Methods and logistics teams are now coordinating
production tooling, as well as sourcing and expediting parts to be shipped to the Querétaro site.
In Montréal, the IPDT is focused on completing the last production drawings for the test aircraft
and, in Wichita, the construction of the Learjet 85 aircraft final assembly line building, the first of
four phases of the site expansion, has begun.
The Belfast team successfully manufactured the first production wing spars using its innovative
Resin Transfer Infusion (RTI) technology, and wing skins are currently in production. Both the
spars and skins will be shipped to the Querétaro facility for final wing assembly.
Production of parts has begun at the Mexico Manufacturing Centre in Querétaro, and the
production of the majority of composite parts for the first aircraft is underway.
There are currently 1,300 employees working on the Learjet 85 aircraft program across
Bombardier’s sites in Belfast, Mexico, Montréal and Wichita.
The new Learjet 85 aircraft – Redefining the midsize segment
Launched on October 30, 2007, with a customer-driven clean-sheet design, the Learjet 85
aircraft is positioned between the midsize Learjet 60 XR and the super midsize Challenger 300
True to its legendary heritage, the Learjet 85 aircraft is set to deliver the extraordinary
performance, superior technology and exceptional value Learjet aircraft owners expect. The jet
is powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW307B engines, each boasting 6,100 pounds of
take-off thrust at sea level 86ºF (30ºC) and low noise levels, while the advanced low NOx
emission combustor offers reduced environmental impact. The aircraft targets a high-speed
cruise of Mach 0.82 and a transcontinental range of up to 3,000 nautical miles (5,556 km)*.
The Learjet 85 aircraft flight deck combines advanced technology with superior design elements
for a cockpit environment unlike any other midsize jet. The latest in technological advancements
and superior design aesthetics from Bombardier’s Global Vision flight deck are carried over in
order to create the ultimate Learjet aircraft flight control environment.
The aircraft’s customized version Cabin Management System, developed by Lufthansa Technik,
will feature a high-capacity Ethernet network with a digital amplifier to feed the high-fidelity
speaker system and an interface to support the aircraft cabin environment, including lighting and
temperature control. The system’s open architecture also allows for easy integration of thirdparty
equipment and new applications, such as high-definition features.
Learjet is the first name in corporate aviation. Since acquiring Learjet Inc. in 1990, Bombardier
Aerospace has carried forward the brand’s proud legacy by launching eight high-performance
and fuel-efficient Learjet aircraft.
April 20, 2011
FORT WORTH, TEXAS (April 18, 2011) – Bell Helicopter, a Textron Inc. company (NYSE: TXT) announces the first flight of its OH-58 Block II demonstrator at its Xworx research and development facility in Fort Worth, Texas on April 14, 2011.
“The flight was flawless and completed according to plan,” said Cathy Ferrie, Director of Bell Helicopter’s Xworx facility. “The Block II is a significant leap forward in performance for the Kiowa Warrior platform and will absolutely make this a 21st Century airframe for the 21st Century soldier.”
Bell Helicopter is developing this OH-58 Block II fleet representative demonstrator to facilitate prototyping activities in anticipation of a U.S. Army future requirement of 6K/95 performance. The Block II OH-58 provides an attractive, cost efficient alternative for the U.S. Army and U.S. taxpayer, and will demonstrate Bell helicopter’s ability to meet or exceed all performance requirements for the Army’s Armed Aerial Scout. Bell Helicopter is developing this aircraft with its own resources and at no cost to the government.
The Block II demonstrator takes an OH-58 Kiowa Warrior and makes it a fast fielding, low risk and lowest cost solution to achieve 6,000ft and 95 degree performance. The “high-hot” performance can be attained with propulsion and drive training upgrades to the existing platform. This upgrade program builds upon the F model Cockpit and Sensor Upgrade Program (CASUP) improvements by adding a new engine, transmission and rotor system.
“By continuing to upgrade the OH-58F into a Block II program, the Army will save money that they can invest in future technologies or future platforms,” said Stephen Eppinette, Army business development manager. “It will also give the Army and the tax payer a return for the money invested in the F model program.”
Along with the performance upgrades, the Block II will adopt fully integrated condition-based maintenance (CBM) technologies so that the aircraft will have higher performance, increased safety, and greater operational readiness while reducing life-cycle costs.
With more than 750,000 fleet combat hours, the OH-58D Kiowa Warrior is a combat- proven aircraft that is safe, rugged and reliable, maintaining the highest readiness rate of any Army helicopter operating in Afghanistan while simultaneously having the highest operational tempo.
Eurocopter’s expanding presence in Latin America with its Helibras Brazilian affiliate is highlighted at the LAAD 2011 defense show
April 12, 2011
The EC725 Cougar helicopter is spotlighted, underscoring Brazil’s major acquisition of these rotary-wing aircraft and the key industrial role of Helibras in their production
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 12, 2011
The high-profile presence of Eurocopter at this week’s LAAD Defense & Security 2011 exhibition in Rio de Janeiro is focused on the growing importance of its Helibras affiliate in the manufacture, assembly, modernization and mission-outfitting of the company’s rotary-wing aircraft for Brazil and the Latin American marketplace.
Among the helicopters spotlighted on Helibras’ exhibit (#G-30, on the outdoor display area) is the twin-engine EC725 Cougar helicopter, which is being acquired by the Brazilian Armed Forces – and will be built in a new center of excellence created at its Itajubá facility in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. The Eurocopter parent company also is participating in the LAAD 2011 event, presenting an overview of its rotary-wing aircraft family on the stand of EADS (#F46 in Hall 4).
As the only Brazilian helicopter manufacturer, Helibras has the capability of producing a variety of aircraft in Eurocopter’s product line. It supplies over 50 percent of the country’s turbine-powered helicopters – having delivered more than 500 aircraft in its 33 years of operation to meet the requirements of governmental, military and civil customers.
“Helibras is on the way to becoming a cornerstone in Eurocopter’s global industrial base, with all the skills necessary for helicopter manufacturing, assembly, integration, upgrades and support,” said Eurocopter President & CEO Lutz Bertling. “Our presence in Brazil positions Eurocopter for future growth in the country and across Latin America, while also ensuring excellence in support and training for operators throughout the region.”
At Itajubá, Helibras is preparing for the assembly of EC725s, which the Brazilian government contracted in 2008 to acquire 50 helicopters for transport and civil security missions. Construction is underway on Helibras’ new EC725 production factory for completion in 2012 – doubling the company’s employment, bringing total staff to approximately 1,000.
The EC725 is Eurocopter’s latest member of the Super Puma/Cougar helicopter family. In addition to building this 11-metric-ton-class rotary-wing aircraft at Itajubá, Helibras is to become involved in such industrial activities as the manufacture of EC725 tailbooms and electrical harness, plus the assembly of gearboxes. Helibras also is working with Brazilian companies to develop a local supply chain, and it is supporting the acceleration of in-country technical and university courses for aeronautics and aerospace.
At this week’s LAAD 2011 defense and security show, Helibras also is exhibiting the AS550A2 Fennec, operated by the Brazilian Army Aviation Command – and which will be modernized by the company in a program that incorporates a tailored complement of armament, a new glass cockpit, an Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) with autopilot, and the installation of improved pilot seats for enhanced crash protection.
The single-engine, multi-purpose AS550/AS350 entered service with the Brazilian Army Aviation Command more than two decades ago, and Helibras’ upgrade program will ensure the continued operation of these helicopters for at least 25 additional years. As part of the LAAD 2011 exhibition, Helibras will be showing the AS350/AS550’s new instrument panel layout, which incorporates three large multifunction liquid crystal displays and is being developed by the company in cooperation with France’s Sagem and the Brazilian firm Aeroeletrônica.
Helibras has produced more than 400 AS350s for the South American market. The helicopter’s modernization also can be applied to the large inventory of AS350 Ecureuils operating throughout Brazil – which totals some 350 aircraft.
Included on Helibras’ LAAD 2011 exhibit stand as well will be a single-engine EC130 fitted with an aeromedical kit, along with a twin-engine HM-1 Pantera helicopter – the version of Eurocopter’s AS565 Panther in service with the Brazilian Army. Helibras has a contract to upgrade 34 HM-1 Panteras of the Brazilian Army Aviation, which will extend the current fleet’s operating lifetime by at least 25 years. The Pantera modernization includes new Turbomeca Arriel 2C2 CG engines with FADEC (Full Authority Digital Engine Control), a full glass cockpit, 4-axis autopilot, the Pro Line 21 radio suite for communications, navigation and surveillance, as well as a new Fenestron with asymmetric blades.
“With our very strong presence at the 2011 Latin America Aero & Defense show, Helibras is demonstrating how the company is pursuing its vision for the future,” explained CEO Eduardo Marson Ferreira.
April 11, 2011
ST. LOUIS, Mo., April 11, 2011 – Donaldson Aerospace & Defense, a division of Donaldson Company, Inc. (NYSE: DCI), is helping the Air Operations Section of the Los Angeles City Fire Department (LAFD) meet the Department’s creed, “serving with courage, integrity and pride.”
Donaldson has provided Inlet Barrier Filters (IBFs) for the Section’s newest in-service rotorcraft, two AgustaWestland 139 twin-engine medium helicopters. A third new AW139 is coming from the factory with the IBF kit installed. Air Ops also plans to acquire additional AW139s as it retires older rotorcraft from its fleet and will include Donaldson IBFs on these helicopters as well.
“Filters are critical for the missions we fly,” said Rick Wheeler, an LAFD Air Ops pilot. “We conduct search and rescue flights and aerial firefighting in unimproved areas that tend to be real dirty, and that can affect engine capability and safety of flight. It’s also surprising how much debris stirs up even when flying over cityscapes and airports.”
According to Wheeler, the unit’s six helicopters, including the AW139s, three Bell 412s and a Bell 206 Jet Ranger used for flight training, search and rescue and utility missions are constantly on call, with each aircraft accumulating up to 500 flight hours per year. Donaldson IBFs have improved AW139 readiness. “In the past, engines could quickly become blocked in smoky or dusty environments, increasing engine temperature and sometimes curtailing flights,” Wheeler explained. “With IBFs installed, there’s no problem with particulates, and that really saves engines.”
Wheeler added that IBFs can operate without power restrictions. In fact, both AW139s received FAA certification for Category A operations, which the Donaldson IBFs are approved to support. The IBFs also are easily maintained. Filter Maintenance Aids facilitate cleaning or replacement during daily inspections and progressive maintenance. A cockpit indicator enables air crew to bypass the system in emergencies and keep air flowing through the engine, an important feature missing in other AW139 engine inlet protection options. “Donaldson IBFs work really well,” Wheeler concluded.
The Los Angeles Fire Department’s Air Ops Section has served the city and its residents since 1962, conducting aerial firefighting, air ambulance, mountain, over-ocean and swift-water search and rescue and support missions. The Section currently operates six helicopters based at Van Nuys Airport. Air crews are highly trained in emergency flight procedures, and paramedics hold advanced medical certifications relating to patient airway management and flight physiology as required by the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services.